Nepal Health Conclave 2.0

Nepal Health Conclave 2.0

The Nepal Health Conclave 2.0, slated for May 13, 2024, focuses on "Evidence for Development in Nepal's Health Sector for a Healthier Nepal," under the SDGs 2030 framework. With 50+ speakers, including policymakers and academics, the event will feature six presentations, seven panel discussions, and ten thematic areas. It aims to analyse challenges, assess progress, and identify high-impact areas for enhanced health security. The conclave also emphasizes forging partnerships through networking breaks and coffee sessions.
Nepal Health Conclave : ‘Towards Healthier Nepal’

Recognizing the critical need for in-depth and disaggregated analysis of healthcare experiences, the Nepal Health Conclave serves as a platform for fostering insightful discussions and critical reflections on current health issues in Nepal.

Following the success of its inaugural event in Kathmandu, which brought together over 25+ speakers, 5+ thematic areas, and nearly 300 participants, Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 is poised to further elevate the discourse.

Scheduled for May 13, 2024, Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 will center on the theme of “Evidence for Development in Nepal’s Health Sector to step forth Towards Healthier Nepal.”

This iteration will delve into Nepal’s national health development agenda within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), emphasizing the paramount role of measurement and impact in achieving sustainable health outcomes.

The conclave aims to convene an esteemed panel of over 50+ speakers encompassing policymakers, academics, thematic experts, implementers, donors, and monitoring and evaluation professionals.

Through six presentation sessions, Seven panel discussions, and ten thematic areas, this diverse group will engage in thought-provoking exchanges, explore innovative solutions, and contribute meaningfully to the national discourse on building a sustainable and healthy Nepal.

Over the course of the One-day event, participants will engage in discussions on a comprehensive range of topics, delving into ongoing challenges and transformative changes within the healthcare landscape.

The conclave will not only underscore the critical role of evidence in development discourse and advocacy but also critically evaluate existing implementation models and explore emerging measurement mechanisms and methods. Ultimately, the conclave strives to leverage the current national agenda to assess the progress of key initiatives, identify policy gaps and future priorities, and pinpoint high-impact areas for enhanced health security. This comprehensive approach aims to lay the groundwork for fostering stronger synergies between implementing agencies and measurement entities, while emphasizing the importance of efficiency in technical and other partnerships.

Beyond the esteemed line-up of experts, Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 provides a unique platform for forging valuable partnerships through dedicated networking breaks, coffee sessions, and participation in its key highlights.

Nepal’s Healthcare System : Progress and Challenges

Despite commendable progress in healthcare, Nepal faces a critical challenge: keeping pace with the advancements seen in other contemporary nations. This is particularly noteworthy given the country’s long-standing commitment to progressive healthcare frameworks. While the Constitution of Nepal (2072 BS) upholds every citizen’s right to quality healthcare and assigns the responsibility for its provision to the government, challenges still remain.

The Public Health Service Act (2075 BS) supplements the legal framework for public health service delivery. Further strengthening these foundations are the National Health Policy (2019) and the National Health Sector Strategy (2015-2020). These comprehensive legal and strategic documents provide a robust foundation for Nepal’s healthcare system.

However, a comparative analysis reveals a disparity between Nepal’s healthcare trajectory and international standards. While Nepal’s five-year plans and national initiatives have demonstrably shaped the healthcare landscape, achieving sustained progress requires a critical alignment of strategies with these plans. Integrating insights from existing legal frameworks, successful past initiatives like the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and the evolving landscape of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is crucial. This comprehensive approach will serve as the catalyst for driving tangible enhancements in health outcomes for all Nepali citizens.

However, realizing these ambitions necessitates addressing existing gaps in healthcare delivery, strengthening infrastructure, and fortifying systems to combat emerging health threats. The recent National Demographic Health Survey provides valuable insights into both accomplishments and areas requiring immediate attention, particularly in maternal and child health, malnutrition, accessibility to quality and equitable healthcare services, and the management of emerging non-communicable diseases.


Nepal Health Conclave 2.0: ‘Towards Healthier Nepal’

The Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 assembles healthcare stakeholders with the shared vision of a healthier Nepal. Through this platform, the Conclave aims to achieve the following key objectives, fostering impactful and collaborative progress in the nation’s healthcare sector.

  1. Unveiling Bottlenecks: A Deep Dive into Critical Challenges

The Conclave delves into the most pressing issues hindering the optimal functioning and growth of Nepal’s healthcare system. By comprehensively examining these challenges, we gain a deeper understanding of the factors demanding immediate attention and concerted effort. This in-depth analysis paves the way for the development of targeted solutions and strategic interventions.

  1. Cultivating Synergies: Building Bridges through Collaboration

The Conclave recognizes that significant advancements in healthcare necessitate a collaborative approach. By bringing together diverse stakeholders – including policymakers, healthcare professionals, academic institutions, and civil society organizations – the Conclave fosters a platform for fostering partnerships and collaborations. This collaborative environment facilitates the exchange of knowledge, expertise, and resources, ultimately driving impactful change.

  1. Fostering Open Dialogue: Unmasking the Roadblocks through Open Discussions

The Conclave prioritizes open and transparent discourse on critical issues and challenges plaguing Nepal’s healthcare system. By providing a forum for frank and constructive dialogue, the Conclave encourages the sharing of diverse perspectives and experiences. This open exchange fosters a deeper understanding of complex issues and facilitates the identification of common ground, paving the way for collaborative problem-solving and the development of effective solutions.

  1. Igniting Collective Action: Inspiring Commitment for a Healthier Nepal

The Conclave aims to inspire a collective sense of dedication and commitment among all stakeholders towards the continuous improvement of Nepal’s healthcare landscape. By showcasing compelling success stories, sharing innovative best practices, and fostering a spirit of collaboration, the Conclave inspires participants to translate their commitment into tangible action. This collective effort holds the key to unlocking brighter prospects for Nepal’s healthcare system and ultimately, ensuring the well-being of all its citizens.



  1. Presentation Sessions: Exploring the Current Landscape of Healthcare Delivery
  2. Panel Discussion Sessions: Delving into Important Healthcare Possibilities


Agenda :

Reimagining the landscape of Lifestyle: Opportunities to strengthen Health and Tourism

Nepal, a nation rich in cultural heritage and breathtaking natural beauty, faces a crucial challenge in ensuring the sustainable health of its population. The urgency to map the lifestyle landscape in Nepal stems from several critical factors:

  1. The Looming Shadow of Climate Change:

As discussed earlier, climate change is significantly impacting Nepal’s public health. Rising temperatures, erratic rainfall patterns, and extreme weather events are disrupting traditional lifestyles and livelihoods, pushing communities towards unsustainable practices to cope. Mapping the current lifestyle landscape can help identify these vulnerable populations and their specific health risks associated with changing environmental conditions.

  1. The Double Burden of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases:

Nepal faces a unique challenge, grappling with both communicable diseases like malaria and dengue, and a rising burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. This double burden requires a comprehensive understanding of the lifestyle factors contributing to both sets of diseases. Mapping the lifestyle landscape can reveal dietary habits, physical activity levels, and substance use patterns, allowing for targeted interventions to promote healthy behaviors and prevent NCDs.

  1. Rapid Urbanization and Lifestyle Shifts:

Nepal is experiencing rapid urbanization, leading to significant lifestyle changes. Increased consumption of processed foods, decreased physical activity, and rising stress levels are contributing factors to the rise of NCDs. Mapping the lifestyle landscape across urban and rural areas can help identify these trends and tailor health promotion strategies accordingly.

  1. Socioeconomic Disparities and Health Inequities:

Unequal access to healthcare, education, and healthy living environments creates health inequities across different populations in Nepal. Mapping the lifestyle landscape can reveal these disparities, allowing for targeted interventions to address the specific needs of vulnerable groups and promote health equity.

Benefits of Mapping the Landscape:

Identifying high-risk populations: By understanding lifestyle patterns, we can pinpoint communities most vulnerable to specific health issues due to their environment or behaviors.

Informing targeted interventions: This data can guide the development of targeted health promotion programs and resource allocation based on specific needs and risk factors.

Monitoring progress: Regularly mapping the lifestyle landscape allows for monitoring the effectiveness of interventions and identifying areas for further action.

By taking a proactive approach to mapping the lifestyle landscape, Nepal can gain valuable insights into the current health situation and develop targeted strategies to promote sustainable health for its citizens in the face of a changing environment and evolving lifestyles. This crucial information is essential for building a healthier future for all in Nepal.

Tourism: A Catalyst for Health Promotion:

  • Wellness tourism: Promoting Nepal as a destination for wellness tourism can encourage healthy practices and attract visitors seeking yoga retreats, meditation courses, and access to natural environments conducive to well-being.
  • Responsible tourism and environmental sustainability: Promoting responsible tourism practices that minimize environmental impact and ensure the well-being of local communities can contribute to a healthier overall environment, benefiting both residents and visitors.
  • Cultural exchange and knowledge sharing: Fostering cultural exchange between tourists and locals can promote healthy traditional practices and encourage the adoption of healthy behaviors through knowledge sharing and cross-cultural understanding.
  • Investment in infrastructure and healthcare services: The potential revenue generated from responsible tourism can be directed towards improving healthcare infrastructure, strengthening public health initiatives, and enhancing the overall quality of healthcare services available in Nepal.

Public Health under pressure due to Climate change and Disaster

Nepal, a nation renowned for its breathtaking mountains and diverse ecosystems, faces a significant threat from climate change. The impacts of a warming planet are already being felt, casting a long shadow over the country’s public health. Here’s a closer look at this looming challenge:

Rising Temperatures and Changing Weather Patterns:

  • Heatwaves: Increasing temperatures are leading to more frequent and intense heatwaves, particularly in the lowlands. This can cause heatstroke, dehydration, and exacerbate existing cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses.
  • Extreme weather events: Nepal experiences more frequent and intense rainfall events, leading to flash floods and landslides. These events displace communities, damage infrastructure, and disrupt access to clean water and sanitation, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases.
  • Changes in precipitation: Erratic rainfall patterns can lead to both droughts and floods, impacting food security and nutrition. Droughts can lead to malnutrition, while floods can contaminate water sources and increase the risk of diarrhoeal diseases.

Impact on Vulnerable Populations:

  • Children and pregnant women: These groups are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, as they have weaker immune systems and are more susceptible to heat-related illnesses and malnutrition.
  • Rural communities: These communities often have limited access to healthcare and are more dependent on natural resources, making them more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on livelihoods and food security.

Specific Public Health Concerns:

  • Vector-borne diseases: Climate change can alter the distribution and abundance of mosquitoes and other insects that transmit diseases like malaria, dengue, and Japanese encephalitis.
  • Respiratory illnesses: Air pollution, often exacerbated by wildfires and dust storms linked to climate change, can worsen respiratory problems like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Mental health: The psychological stress of dealing with climate-related disasters, displacement, and livelihood loss can have a significant impact on mental health.

Looking Ahead:

Nepal is taking steps to address climate change and its impacts on public health. These include developing national adaptation plans, investing in climate-resilient infrastructure, and promoting early warning systems for extreme weather events. However, continued international cooperation and support are crucial in helping Nepal mitigate the looming shadow of climate change on public health.

Complexity in Health service delivery, Technology in Facilitation!

Nepal, a nation renowned for its breathtaking natural beauty and cultural richness, faces significant challenges in its healthcare landscape. However, two emerging avenues, digitization and tourism, hold immense potential to contribute towards a healthier Nepal for its citizens and visitors alike.

Digitization: Transforming Healthcare Delivery:

  • Telehealth and remote consultations: Implementing telehealth services can connect individuals in remote areas with healthcare professionals, overcoming geographical barriers and improving access to consultations and specialist advice.
  • Electronic health records (EHRs): Establishing a centralized EHR system can improve data collection, streamline medical record management, and facilitate better coordination of care between different healthcare providers.
  • Digital health education: Utilizing online platforms and mobile applications can provide accessible and interactive health education resources to empower individuals with knowledge about preventive healthcare and self-management of chronic conditions.
  • AI-powered diagnostics and decision support: Integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into healthcare systems can support medical professionals in diagnostics, risk assessment, and even personalized treatment recommendations, potentially leading to improved healthcare outcomes.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Digital divide: Bridging the digital divide in Nepal is crucial to ensure equitable access to the benefits of digital healthcare solutions.
  • Data privacy and security: Robust data protection measures are essential to ensure the privacy and security of individuals’ health information within digital healthcare systems.

Dilemma in Health: Service or Business

The healthcare field inherently faces a dilemma: balancing its core service-oriented mission, focused on improving individual and community health, with the need to operate as a business, ensuring financial sustainability and resource allocation to provide care effectively. This dilemma presents several challenges and ethical considerations:


  • Profit vs. Affordability: Balancing the need to generate revenue to cover operational costs and invest in infrastructure and personnel with making healthcare services affordable for all. This raises ethical concerns about prioritizing profit over accessibility, potentially creating a two-tiered system where quality care is only available to those who can afford it.
  • Quality vs. Cost-cutting: The pressure to maximize profits can lead to cost-cutting measures that might compromise the quality of care. This includes limiting diagnostic tests, shortening hospital stays, or understaffing facilities, potentially jeopardizing patient well-being.
  • Misaligned incentives: A purely business-driven approach can create incentives that may not align with patient-centered care. This could lead to unnecessary procedures or prioritization of services that generate higher revenue over those most beneficial to the patient’s health.

Ethical Considerations:

  • The Hippocratic Oath: The principle of “first, do no harm” forms the foundation of medical ethics and emphasizes the importance of prioritizing patient well-being above all else.
  • Social Responsibility: Healthcare institutions have a responsibility to contribute to the community’s overall health, regardless of an individual’s ability to pay. This includes providing care to underserved populations and promoting preventive care initiatives.
  • Transparency and Accountability: Healthcare institutions must be transparent about their financial practices and accountable to the public they serve. This includes disclosing financial information and ensuring ethical decision-making regarding resource allocation and service provision.

Potential Solutions:

  • Mixed-model systems: Implementing a mix of public and private funding can potentially provide the resources needed for quality care while ensuring affordability for a larger portion of the population.
  • Regulatory frameworks: Establishing strong regulations and independent oversight can help ensure ethical practices, promote transparency, and prevent financial incentives from compromising patient care.
  • Focus on preventive care: Investing in preventive care initiatives can lead to long-term cost savings for the broader healthcare system and improve population health outcomes overall.
  • Value-based care: Shifting the focus from fee-for-service models to value-based models that reward quality care and positive health outcomes can incentivize healthcare providers to prioritize patient well-being.


Balancing the service and business aspects of healthcare remains a complex challenge. By fostering open dialogue, acknowledging the ethical considerations, and implementing innovative solutions, stakeholders can work towards an integrated approach that prioritizes both the health of individuals and the sustainability of the healthcare system as a whole. This will require a collaborative effort involving policymakers, healthcare professionals, and the public to create a system that is both ethical and effective in meeting the evolving healthcare needs of a society.

Combating Strategy against the risk of Non-Communicable disease

While Nepal faces significant challenges in combatting Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD) and the impacts of disasters on public health, there are ongoing efforts and signs of progress. However, addressing these issues requires a comprehensive and multi-pronged approach.

Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD):

  • Challenges: NCD like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer are a growing burden in Nepal, largely due to lifestyle changes like unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and tobacco use. Limited access to healthcare services, particularly in rural areas, further compounds the issue.
  • Progress:
    • The government has adopted a multi-sectoral national NCD prevention and control strategy.
    • Public awareness campaigns promote healthy lifestyles and risk factor reduction.
    • Efforts are underway to improve access to affordable NCD medications and treatments.

Disaster Preparedness and Response:

  • Challenges: Nepal is highly vulnerable to natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, and landslides, which disrupt healthcare services, displace communities, and increase the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases.
  • Progress:
    • Nepal has established a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority (NDRRMA) to coordinate disaster preparedness and response efforts.
    • Early warning systems for various hazards are being implemented.
    • Communities are actively involved in disaster preparedness training and risk mitigation measures.

Overall, there is a commitment from the government and various stakeholders to combat these major health challenges, but significant challenges remain:

  • Limited Resources: Implementing effective interventions requires sustained funding and resource allocation.
  • Equity and Accessibility: Ensuring equitable access to healthcare services, particularly in remote areas, remains a challenge.
  • Changing Social Determinants of Health: Addressing underlying factors like poverty, lack of education, and unhealthy environments influencing NCDs and disaster vulnerability requires a multifaceted approach.

Moving Forward:

  • Strengthening existing programs and policies: Continued commitment to implementing existing plans and policies with adequate resources is crucial.
  • Collaboration and partnerships: Collaboration between government, healthcare professionals, NGOs, and communities fosters comprehensive and effective strategies.
  • Addressing the root causes: Tackling the social determinants of health, such as poverty, education, and access to healthy living environments, is essential for long-term success.
  • Embracing innovation: Technological advancements and innovative solutions can play a crucial role in improving healthcare access, particularly in remote areas.


Combating NCD and disaster-related health challenges in Nepal is an ongoing and complex endeavor. While progress has been made, overcoming these challenges requires a sustained and multifaceted approach addressing resource limitations, promoting equitable access to healthcare, and tackling the underlying social determinants of health. Through collective efforts, Nepal can move towards a healthier future for all its citizens.

Health Insurance Program in Nepal: Challenges and Opportunities

Despite aiming to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), Nepal’s national health insurance program (NHIP) faces several challenges alongside promising opportunities for improvement.


  • Low Enrollment: Despite offering subsidized premiums for the poor, only about 21% of the population has enrolled, falling short of the ambitious 2022 target of 100%. This low enrollment rate hinders the program’s financial sustainability and limits its overall impact.
  • High Drop-out Rate: A significant portion of enrolled individuals (around 25% annually) are dropping out, often due to perceived low benefits compared to costs or lack of access to
  • designated healthcare facilities. This hinders long-term success and reduces the program’s effectiveness.
  • Limited Service Coverage: The NHIP benefit package is perceived as limited, potentially discouraging enrollment and leading to out-of-pocket expenses for services not covered. This can create a sense of dissatisfaction and financial burden for participants.
  • Geographical Disparities: The program’s reach is uneven, with lower penetration in rural areas compared to urban centers. This exacerbates existing inequities in access to healthcare services, leaving vulnerable populations most affected.
  • Weak Governance and Capacity: Concerns exist regarding inefficient management, weak monitoring, and limited capacity to effectively implement and oversee the program across diverse regions. This can hinder its effectiveness and transparency.


  • Improved Public Awareness and Education: Strengthening public awareness and education about NHIP benefits, eligibility criteria, and enrollment processes can encourage greater participation and reduce misconceptions.
  • Expanding Service Coverage: Broadening the NHIP benefit package to encompass a wider range of services can incentivize enrollment and improve patient satisfaction, encouraging individuals to utilize the program more effectively.
  • Enhancing Accessibility: Expanding the network of designated healthcare facilities, particularly in rural areas, can improve access to NHIP services and address existing geographical disparities.
  • Leveraging Technology: Implementing digital solutions for enrollment, claims processing, and communication can streamline administrative processes, improve efficiency, and enhance transparency.
  • Strengthening Governance: Strengthening governance structures, promoting effective resource allocation, and increasing capacity for program implementation and monitoring will be crucial for long-term sustainability and success.


While challenges persist, the NHIP program holds significant promise for advancing towards UHC in Nepal. Addressing the key challenges and capitalizing on opportunities through multi-pronged

approaches involving government, healthcare providers, and public engagement efforts are essential for ensuring the program’s long-term success and equitable access to affordable healthcare services for all citizens.

Nepal’s Medical Education in Debate

Nepal’s medical education system has been a subject of intense debate for several years, with various stakeholders raising concerns and advocating for reforms. Here’s a breakdown of the key points fueling this debate:

Issues and Concerns:

  • Commercialization and Profitability: The rapid expansion of private medical colleges, often driven by profit motives, has raised concerns about the quality of education and ethical practices. Critics argue that this commercialization prioritizes profit over producing qualified doctors, potentially compromising patient care in the future.
  • Accessibility and Equity: While the expansion has increased access to medical education, concerns remain about affordability and equal opportunities. High tuition fees at private colleges often exclude deserving students from underprivileged backgrounds, perpetuating existing inequalities in access to healthcare professionals.
  • Regulation and Quality Standards: The regulatory framework for medical education is perceived as weak, lacking stringent quality control measures. This raises concerns about the adequacy of training, infrastructure, and faculty expertise in some institutions.
  • Distribution and Rural Healthcare Needs: The majority of medical colleges are concentrated in urban areas, neglecting the critical need for doctors in rural and remote regions. This geographical disparity in healthcare workforce distribution further exacerbates existing inequities in access to quality healthcare services.

Arguments for Reform:

  • Proponents for reform advocate for stricter regulations and quality control measures to ensure all medical colleges meet established standards.
  • They emphasize the need for scholarships and affirmative action programs to increase accessibility and ensure students from diverse backgrounds can pursue medical education.
  • Establishing a central regulatory body with independent oversight is proposed to ensure transparency and ethical practices within the medical education system.
  • A focus on promoting rural healthcare and encouraging medical graduates to serve in underserved communities is crucial to address the existing gap in healthcare access.

Challenges and Solutions:

  • Finding a balance between private investment and public regulation in medical education remains a challenge.
  • Addressing the affordability issue requires innovative solutions, such as government-funded scholarships and loan repayment programs.
  • Strengthening the capacity of public medical colleges and fostering collaboration between public and private institutions can enhance quality and distribution of healthcare professionals.
  • Encouraging public-private partnerships and incentivizing healthcare professionals to serve in rural areas through financial and professional development opportunities can improve access to healthcare in underserved regions.
Nepal Health Conclave 2.0: Media Outreach Strategy


To ensure extensive national reach for the Nepal Health Conclave 2.0, encompassing pre-event, event-day, and post-event awareness.


  • KMG Network Coverage: Leverage the extensive reach of the KMG network across various platforms, including:
  • Television: Live broadcast of the event on Kantipur TV.
  • Print, Radio, and Digital: Exclusive promotion of the event and its agenda, starting 15 days prior to the event.
  • Outdoor Advertising: Exclusive LED hoarding promotion for 15 days, displayed across approximately 130 locations nationwide, including major cities and Bhatbhateni outlets.
  • Television Broadcast: Air 6 post-event episodes showcasing key highlights.
  • Press Releases: Disseminate press releases to secure news coverage.
  • Social Media Engagement: Maintain consistent social media activity through:
    • Regularly posting short videos and reels featuring pre-event statements, event-day highlights, and post-event takeaways.
    • Utilizing effective hashtags to amplify reach and engagement.
Nepal Health Conclave 2.0: Invitation and Expected Outcomes

Invited Participants:

The Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 is pleased to invite a distinguished group of participants, encompassing:

  • High-ranking government officials
  • Healthcare experts
  • Investors
  • Media professionals
  • Representatives from various sectors

This diverse group will ensure a comprehensive and holistic discussion on healthcare issues, encompassing local and international perspectives. In our pursuit of a collaborative and comprehensive healthcare vision, we have extended our guest and participant list to include representatives from vital domains such as food, environment, and economy.

Expected Outcomes:

  • Gain a comprehensive understanding of the progress and challenges facing Nepal’s healthcare sector.
  • Develop actionable insights and recommendations to address critical healthcare issues.
  • Establish new collaborations and partnerships to advance Nepal’s healthcare system.
  • Foster an enhanced commitment and determination to elevate the quality of Nepal’s healthcare system.
The Significance of the Nepal Health Conclave 2.0

The Nepal Health Conclave 2.0 is poised to be a pivotal event in shaping the future of Nepal’s healthcare landscape. We firmly believe that the collective expertise and dedication of our participants will lead to significant advancements in healthcare delivery, ultimately contributing to the overall well-being of the Nepali population.

We look forward to welcoming you and your esteemed contributions to this significant event.